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About Civil Services

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About Civil Services

Introduction to civil services

What is Civil service ?

Heterogeneous body of persons who are engaged with the tasks confined towards nation’s civil administration.

Civil services are generally defined tomean“Public services” constituted by the government to implement all its plans and programs into action. The civil service is professional body of officials, who are considered permanent, paid and skilled. They are trained body of officers working as executive wing of the government and hence called civil servants.

In India the phrase civil service is used to denote officers APPPOINTED AND PAID BY the GOVT FOR administrative WORK. Civil servants are holders of civil posts whose remuneration is done by the consolidate fund of the government

History of civil service in India;

India has the tradition of civilservice since ancient times. Historians have noted well organized civil service was existing in India from the time of Mauryans.

Kautilya in his Arthashastrahasmetioned 3 categories of govt. employees;

Yukta (Officer)

Upyukta (Clerk)

Tatpurusham (Servant)

Mughal Period: The institute of Mansabdari developed. It was combined military and civil bureaucracy. Though as the institution of civil service is quite old the expression‘Civil Service’ is rather of recent origin. It was first used by the East India Company.

Importance of civil service in India;

The standards and efficiency of public administration in any country depends ultimately on the calibre, training and integrity of their members of civil services (public services). Aim of the political system is establishment of welfare state and successful operation of welfare state depends upon the availability of persons with vision, ability, honesty and loyalty to administrative apparatus of the state. In modern democratic polity of India, civil service is important wing of government apparatus, who are responsible for carrying out the administration under the direction of the elected representatives. Dream and efforts of the Political Executives is made come true by the effective implementation of legislature by the Permanent Executives.

Function of CIVIL SERVICE OFFICERS:

Formulation and implementation of public policy,

Civil servants are called think tanks.

They are catalytic agents of change

They engage on collecting relevant information and data in order to solve the problem,

Civil servants administer the law of land,

They perform Quasi judicial and Quasi legislative functions,

Pubic relation is major part of their work, they need to explain the functions of the government to public and gain their confidence





In India public servants are entrusted with responsibility of implementing the various programs for rural development and welfare measures. Public servants act as watchdogs to ensure the level playing fields for all public equally. They promote peace, stability and tranquillity in the country, without which the progress of the country is not possible. Thus in modern democracy, Public service is implementing wing of the government, country wins with strong public service. It is, thus, the utmost importance is given while selecting the best deserving candidates into the service who will remain professional, motivated and devoted to duty.

Classification of civil services

All India service
meaning personnel serving both central government and state government ,there are 3 All India service

IAS (Indian administrative service)

IPS (Indian police service)

IFS (Indian forest service)

They are regulated by both Centre and the State but the final authority over them is with the centre and its decision is final.

Central service:
Personnel exclusively meant to serve and implement policies of the Union,in order to maintain uniformity in the country. They are completely regulated by the central government rules regulations and acts.

State service:
Includes services and posts which are enforced to implement the subjects listed in the state list, such as agriculture, education, forest, health etc. State civil servants are regulated by the state government acts and legislations.

State services are further classified into Gazetted and Non-Gazetted posts.

1 Gazetted officers:
Officers, whose appointment, promotion and retirement are announced in the official gazette notification issued by the State Government.

2 Non gazette officers:
Officers who come under class 3 and class 4, whose appointment and promotion etc is not mentioned in the official Gazette.

Recruitment agency to civil Service:

For ALL India and Central Service:

Union Public Service Commission( UPSC) is the designated agency to select the best candidates to the service.

UPSC is constitutional body created under article 315. It is endowed with the task of selecting candidates to the central and All India service purely on the merit basis. Hence examinations are conducted each year to fill the vacancies. Thus it is called the “Merit Watch Dog”. Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts.



The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:

Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.

Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.

Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.

Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.

Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.

Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.

KARNATAKA

Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC)

Prior to 1921, there was no Central Authority constituted in the State to advise Government and other Appointing Authorities in the matters of recruitment to the state civil services. Government and Appointing Authorities were making appointments in accordance with the principles laid down by Government from time to time. Through order No. 1827:80 E.A.G.308, dated:16-05-1921, the Government constituted for the first time a central agency for recruitments, named “Central Recruitment Board”. This Board was attached to the office of the Government Secretariat till 1940. Government appointed a Public Service Commissioner for the State in its Order No. 3685-3735-C.B. 103-39-1, dated: 19-01-1940.



The Public Service Commission was constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India on 18-05-1951. In accordance with the provisions of clause 14 of the Public Service Commission Regulations 1950, the staff of the Public Service Commissioner as it stood on 18-05-1951, was continued as the nucleus of the staff of the Public Service Commission.

The Office of the Central Recruitment Board which was a part of Mysore (Now Karnataka Government Secretariat) followed the Government Secretariat Manual, for office procedures. This was continued even in the office of the Public Service Commissioner and later in the office of the Public Service Commission with necessary notifications to carry out recruitment and conduct of Competitive Examinations, Departmental Examinations etc.,

In accordance with clause-III of the Mysore Public Service Commission, Regulations 1950, His Highness was pleased to appoint Sri. H.B. Gundappa Gowda, as Chairman, Sri George Matthan, and Sri H.M. Mallikarjunappa, as Members of the Commission. The Chairman and Members assumed charge on the 19th, 23rd and 25th May 1951, respectively. Since then, 13 Chairmen and 67 Members have been appointed to the Commission by Government.

The Office of the Public Service Commission was located in the “United India” buildings, Bangalore City, till 20-05-1951. Since the accommodation fell short of the actual requirements of the Commission, its office was shifted to “Balabrooie”, on Palace Road, Bangalore, on 21st May 1951 and remained there upto 7th November 1956. Later it was shifted to the north wing of “ Atarakacheri” a portion of the High Court Building and continued there upto January 1968. Thereafter it was shifted to the present premises of “Park House” situated on the north west side of VidhanaSoudha.

The Commission celebrated its “Golden Jubilee” on 01-03-2002 and foundation stone was laid for the construction of a new building for the Commission. The building was inaugurated on 19-11-2005 and at present the office is functioning in the new building called “UdyogaSoudha”.

Further as a mark of completion of 60 years of its service, the Commission celebrated its “Diamond Jubilee” on 18-05-2011. To Commemorate this celebration, foundation stone was laid for construction of one more new building known as “VajraMahotsavaSoudha” in the premises of the office to cater the growing need and to serve the people in general and the candidates in particular more effectively.